How to remove leg veins without surgery if they are enlarged with varicose veins? Many people want to get rid of ugly dilated veins in their legs, which are not only ugly, but also dangerous to health. But can you do without surgery or is there no other way?
How does the disease develop?
Is it possible to cure varicose veins without surgery? To answer this question, it is necessary to consider what happens to the vein during the development of the disease.
The pathology develops in several stages:
- the vein valves weaken, stop interfering with reverse blood flow; the failure of the
- valve gradually increases and the vessel begins to stretch to accommodate a large amount of fluid returned;
- As the venous wall stretches, more and more blood is retained in the deformed part of the vessel and congestion occurs, which worsens the rate of blood flow;
- in the future, the process spreads to the nearby parts of the vessel and causes malnutrition of nearby tissues.
But is vein removal always necessary? Are there ways to get rid of varicose veins without surgery?
When is conservative treatment possible?
In the early stages of the development of the disease, the operation of removing the vein from the legs is not performed, to restore the full functioning of the venous valve, just restore the tone of the vessel.
But conservative therapy should be comprehensive and include:
- changing the patient's lifestyle; power correction
- ; compression effect
- medication intake.
Insufficient physical activity or, conversely, excessive physical effort, insufficient rest and bad habits: all this causes a violation of blood circulation in the leg.
Lifestyle changes help restore vascular tone. To do this, you need to:
- Provides dosed physical activity. Walking, swimming, yoga or exercise without strength training are excellent ways to increase vascular tone and narrow the venous lumen. And if the clearance decreases, the valve will adhere completely to the vessel wall, preventing filling. In the early stages of development, sports exercises are one of the main methods of how to cure varicose veins without surgery.
- Organize a schedule of work and rest. If it is not possible to avoid a long stay while working your legs, during rest you need to sit with your legs slightly up and, during work, do not stand still, but go over your legs, causing the muscles in your body to contract. calf. Regular muscle contraction will increase vascular tone.
- Stop smoking and drink only small amounts of alcohol. If the patient continues to smoke and drink, he will soon have to undergo surgery for phlebectomy.
Correction of diet
When varicose veins are treated without surgery, what the person eats plays an important role.
Exclude from the menu:
- hot spices;
- fatty and fried foods; carbonated beverages;
- baked goods.
You need to limit the amount of sweets. It is preferable to replace sweets or cakes with homemade jams, honey and nuts.
The menu should include a lot of seafood:
Seafood contains copper, which has a tonic effect on venous tone.
In addition to the products above, it is recommended to eat more plant foods and drink natural juices and fruit drinks. It is allowed to eat liver and lean meats.
This is bandaging and wearing elastic underwear (socks, leggings). Elastic underwear is placed lying down without getting out of bed in the morning and removed at night before bedtime, the same applies to bandaging. Compression therapy helps to prevent further stretching of the venous wall and to reduce the negative consequences of the disease.
Compression underwear is also recommended to be used in the post-operative period, this will help to make rehabilitation shorter and ensure quick restoration of the total blood supply to the limb.
But compression therapy does not serve as an independent method to help prevent surgery to remove veins from the legs. It only helps to prevent the negative consequences associated with the development of impaired venous blood flow.
Patients are given medications to increase venous tone.
Venotonics can be prescribed in tablets, ointments or injections, but their dosage is selected individually, depending on the severity of the condition.
In addition, symptomatic treatment is performed. For example, with a tendency to thrombosis, anticoagulants are prescribed, and with phlebitis - anti-inflammatory drugs.
But every treatment must be comprehensive. If a patient ponders how to remove the veins in his legs without surgery, but at the same time does not stop smoking and eating spicy food, he will be disappointed - this is impossible. Without changing his lifestyle and diet, he will soon need leg vein surgery.
If you can't do it without surgery
If conservative therapy has not been successful and the patient has frequent pain and leg cramps, trophic ulcers or phlebitis usually develop, an operation should be performed to reduce the consequences of the disease.
But vein surgery can also be performed using minimally invasive methods of treatment:
- laser correction:
- sclerosing effect; laser ablation
- radiofrequency ablation;
- minor phlebectomy.
It is carried out in the initial phase of the disease, when only small vessels are deformed and spider veins appear on the skin. Percutaneous exposure to a laser pulse contributes to the collapse of the walls of small garlands and closure of the lumen. But only the early stages of the disease can be cured with laser correction. For that, several sessions are sufficient. Rehabilitation after laser surgery is not necessary.
A sclerosing agent, a special solution that causes loss of elasticity of the vascular wall, is injected into the lumen of a deformed vein, unable to perform its function. This method can be used for large and small vessels. But with a large venous lesion, although blood circulation in the limbs improves, the cosmetic defect can persist.
A sterile catheter is inserted into the dilated section of the vein and an electrode is inserted through it. The action of the laser is performed on the inner surface of the vessel, causing its walls to collapse and the light to close completely. Blood flow begins to occur through the smaller vessels, and the vein exposed to laser radiation gradually becomes thinner and disappears.
The postoperative period with such an intervention can last up to one day, but the complete elimination of aesthetic defects will only occur after a few months.
Radio frequency ablation
The method is similar to the laser method, but uses radio frequency radiation. Radiofrequency ablation is performed in large vessels and the approximate length of exposure to radiation: from the groin to the knee or from the knee to the foot. The therapeutic effect is achieved in 2-3 sessions, but the deformed vein will completely disappear within a few weeks.
Applying a bandage (bandage) on both sides to a location in the large vessel allows it to be disconnected from the blood flow system, which will begin to bypass the smaller veins. The overlapping sites of the ligature fall and grow tightly together. The ligation is performed on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia: small incisions are made in the skin and the venous ligation is performed. Ligation is considered a good method to get rid of varicose veins when there are already negative consequences associated with decreased blood flow. "Turning off" the pathologically deformed venous site of the circulation helps to reduce pain and swelling.
This surgery is also performed on an outpatient basis, under local anesthesia. The difference with the bandage is that after the bandage, the altered venous areas are excised and removed through small skin incisions. In comparison with surgical phlebectomy (in which the vein is removed completely), this mini-operation is considered less traumatic and requires almost no rehabilitation.
Although minimally invasive methods of treatment are considered surgical intervention due to the mechanical effect on the vessels, after surgery on the leg veins using the above methods, the negative consequences of the intervention for the patient are minimal and rehabilitation after the operation occursin a short time.
It is possible to remove the increase in varicose veins in the legs without surgery, but the success of the treatment depends not only on the method chosen, but also on how much the patient is ready to follow the medical recommendations.