Treatment and rehabilitation of pelvic varices

causes of pelvic varices

Both men and women are susceptible to varicose diseases, but the weaker sex often suffers from the consequences of this disease. Most of the time, associations with the mention of varicose veins arise with the swelling of the veins in the legs below the knee, but in women there are varicose veins in the small pelvis. This is a very common disease, which all women in the reproductive period are at risk of contracting.

Most of the time, varicose veins in the small pelvis occur in women who do heavy physical work or during pregnancy. This is due to increased stress in the female body, which causes increased venous pressure, which causes varicose veins of the hip.

Sudden pain in the lower abdomen is the first symptom of varicose veins in the small pelvis.

Varicose veins of internal organs are especially dangerous for pregnant women and are one of the main reasons for prescribing a caesarean section. Doctors explain this by the fact that natural childbirth can cause bleeding, and the life of the mother and child will be at risk. The incidence of this disease during pregnancy is due to the fact that the enlarged uterus is compressed and interferes with normal blood circulation. The increase in hormone levels is also a factor that contributes to the occurrence of varicose veins in the small pelvis.

Due to changes in hormone levels in mature women, the disease can begin to develop during puberty. The situation is complicated by the fact that it is very difficult to detect varicose veins in the pelvic veins, since the disease that arose at this stage of life rarely evolves with evident symptoms. An indirect reason to consult a specialist may be an increase in the secretion of the organs of the female reproductive system.

Very often, varicose veins of the small pelvis in women occur during sedentary work in the office. This is caused by the loss of plasticity of the venous walls, due to the low mobility of the person. Men are also susceptible to this disease, but much less frequently than women.

The most obvious symptom of varicose veins in the small pelvis may be more frequent pain in the lower abdomen, especially when standing. Often, the pain can be caused by sex or other severe stress on the body. Also from the small pelvis, the varicose veins can spread to the perineum and gluteal region.

Experts refer to internal varicose veins of the small pelvis as a complex disease. This is due to difficulties in diagnosis, as there are not so many symptoms of the onset of the disease and they do not manifest themselves clearly. The timely detection of varicose veins gives hope for a complete recovery. There is also a high chance of an incorrect diagnosis at an early stage of disease development.

The main causes of the disease

how pelvic varices are manifested

Low heritability can be the problem.

Dysplasia of connective tissues is considered a harbinger of its pathology, which causes the varicose veins of the pelvic vessels. These problems are often caused by low heredity, but people whose life is combined with the following factors may also suffer from varicose veins:

  • Office work or other sedentary occupation;
  • Heavy physical activity, if the body is not prepared in advance;
  • Irregular sexual activity;
  • High estrogen hormone;
  • Women's gynecological diseases, frequent inflammation;
  • Tumors located close to internal organs.

Studies have shown the link between the use of contraceptives and other hormonal drugs with the occurrence of varicose veins in the small pelvis.

Covering this disease in pregnant women requires special attention. Unfortunately, up to 30% of all cases, illnesses are seen in women during this period. Doctors tend to believe that pregnancy can boost the appearance of dysplasia of connective tissue in the woman's body, which leads to the appearance of varicose veins.

Varicose veins of the small pelvis in women occur due to an increase in the number of female hormones in the body; its effect has a similar effect on the body with the use of contraceptives. This is aggravated by the fact that, during the fetal development process, pressure is applied to the internal veins of the pelvis, causing increased compression. Additional pathways are formed for the flow of blood, which after delivery are no longer needed, requiring a recovery procedure to eliminate them.

In the prenatal clinic for those who register, there is a risk group, which includes women predisposed to inflammation of Organs reproductive organs. Pregnant women with high levels of estrogen also require special attention.

Symptoms of the disease

the main symptoms of pelvic varicose veins

The main symptoms of varicose veins in the pelvic organs include more frequent pain in the lower abdomen, as well as abundant mucus secretion from the genitals. But these signs can have other reasons, which is why it is so difficult to diagnose these varicose veins in the small pelvis in the early stages.

Indirect signs include the detection of swollen veins in the buttocks and in the perineum. In some patients, pain in the lower abdomen increases during the first days of the menstrual cycle.

Among the main indicative symptoms of pelvic varices in women are:

  • The pain before menstruation is stronger than normal;
  • Menstrual irregularities;
  • Strengthening of sensory sensations in the perineal region;
  • Pain radiating from the lower abdomen to the lower back;
  • Increased vaginal sensitivity;
  • Frequent urination;
  • Severity in the lumbar spine when standing or sitting for a long time.

Depending on the stage of development of the small pelvic varices and the individual characteristics of each woman, several symptoms can be observed at the same time, or each of them separately. In any case, if one of the listed signs is detected, you should go to the gynecologist's office.

Diagnostic methods

There are several methods to detect and diagnose varicose veins in the pelvic organs, but Doppler ultrasound is considered the main one. When using this procedure, it is possible with ultrasound waves to identify the contours of the veins and project them on the device's screen or take a photo. The image makes it possible to detect all sites of deformation of the veins, whose blood flow is reduced.

diagnostic options for pelvic varices

For a clearer picture, doctors use phlebography in diagnosis. The uterine veins are filled with a substance that gives contrast during fluoroscopy.

The difficulty in diagnosis, together with mild symptoms, is the absence of a specific location, the varicose veins of the small pelvis.

When diagnosed by a doctor, varicose veins can be mistaken for a common inflammatory process. The likelihood of such an error is especially high in the early stages.

Important!If the gynecologist has diagnosed inflammation and prescribed therapy, but does not help to deal with the symptoms, it should be understood that such an effect is not normal and it is imperative to make a second appointment with the specialist.

With great confidence, you can make a correct diagnosis using the following methods:

  • Doppler ultrasound;
  • Phlebography - diagnoses the varicose veins of the small pelvis quite accurately;
  • Ultrasound of the venous system - in different situations, vaginal examination or transabdominal scanning is used;
  • Laparoscopy - thanks to this method, you can also identify varicose formations in the ovaries;
  • Selective ovaricography - with this diagnostic method, you can probably detect varicose veins in the small pelvis. For this, the contrast fluid is injected into the veins of the thighs and the subclavian region.

If the diagnosis does not provide accurate results, the patient can be sent for further testing. A blood test is prescribed.

Classification of disease grade

Depending on the stage and severity of pelvic varices, they can be divided into three categories. An important parameter in this regard is also the location of the location of the varicose veins.

  • The varicose veins in the small pelvis in the first stage inflate the veins up to 5 mm due to the appearance of a small number of deformed areas;
  • In the second stage, the veins are 6 to 10 mm in diameter and loose plexus ectasia occurs in the ovary;
  • The last degree is the most dangerous, the patient's venous swelling exceeds 10 mm in volume. The third degree of damage is characterized by the parametric location of the main type.

After successful diagnosis and determination of the stage of the disease, appropriate treatment of varicose veins is prescribed.

Conservative treatment methods

methods of treating varicose veins of the small pelvis

It is best to contact the appropriate specialists after an accurate diagnosis has been established. Diseases associated with varicose veins are treated by a phlebologist. It is only possible to refer you after the diagnosis of a gynecologist and the expansion of the pelvic veins in men confirmed by a urologist.

The main tasks that put the doctor on the path to patient recovery are:

  • Restore damaged vein walls and return them to their normal tone;
  • Prevention of the formation of subsequent blood stagnation in the veins of the small pelvis;
  • Improving the condition of vein tissue.

To solve the defined tasks, complex therapy is used, which includes a special diet, rehabilitation exercises, medications for treating varicose veins and the use of special modeling underwear.

Therapeutic treatment phase

The main purpose of therapy for small pelvic varices is to restore blood flow and normalize the tone of elastic tissues. The stages of removing the unpleasant symptoms of the disease and increasing blood circulation in the veins are no less important.

Varicose vein preparations should only be prescribed by a phlebologist. There are two groups of drugs prescribed for this disease. The first (venotamic drugs) - improves the tone of vein tissues, and the second (angiagregants) - prevents the formation of new blood clots.

In case of exacerbation of varicose veins in the small pelvis, taking medication during the course is an important part of therapy. The main role in treatment is attributed to venotonic drugs, which improve vascular tone. To prevent disease recurrence, these drugs are prescribed for prophylaxis.

Preparations for the treatment of varicose veins of the small pelvis can only be prescribed by a doctor, self-medication is unacceptable!

medicines for the treatment of varicose veins in the small pelvis

In general, preparations for varicose veins contribute to:

  • Stop the blood reflux;
  • Normalization of venous tone;
  • Helps in blood supply to tissues;
  • Reducing the discomfort of disease symptoms.

It should be remembered that the use of medications must be combined with special exercises and a prescribed diet.

Traditional medicine

For the treatment of varicose veins of the small pelvis, they usually resort to folk methods, among which the main remedies are herbal infusions that restore the normal tone of the veins. The most popular decoctions are horse chestnuts, sores and dandelion roots.

Hirudotherapy has shown itself well among people: leeches should be applied to the sacrum and coccyx region.

Important to know!It is impossible to let the varicose veins revealed in the small pelvis float or to rely only on the means of traditional medicine. This very dangerous disease must be treated comprehensively, with the mandatory intake of medications, and the use of infusions and decoctions may be only an additional means.

Preventive gymnastics

There are several physical training techniques to restore tissue tone.

  • Raising and lowering on the tip of the toes, the exercise is done standing up, the number of repetitions is at least 30, the toes and heels are parallel;
  • The same thing, just open your socks and line your heels 30 times;
  • Repeat the elevation of the toes, spreading the heels as far as possible and bringing the toes closer together;
  • Pelvic varicose veins can be treated with breathing exercises, slowing it down, wondering how all the abdominal muscles are involved;
  • In prone position, lift the pelvis, supporting it with your hands, and make a "bicycle" movement, for those who have difficulty in this exercise you can replace it with a "birch" or alternate it.
gymnastics as a method of treating varicose veins in the small pelvis

Physiotherapy works well if the veins in the small pelvis are dilated, in addition, it is convenient to do it anywhere. The main condition for success will be regularity in carrying out special exercises, but in no case should you try too hard during classes.

It is also important to follow a healthy lifestyle if you have been diagnosed with venous dilation. During physical work, you should take regular breaks and, if this is associated with a long stay in a static position, you should take breaks, warm up and walk periodically.

A good solution would be to use a contrast shower, the varicose veins cause unpleasant sensations in the perineal area, so it will not be superfluous to direct the water jet to this area.

Adequate nutrition

It is important to develop a diet so that there are no problems with stools, especially constipation. With them, venous expansion can be aggravated by an increase in internal pressure during evacuation. It is also best to avoid eating very spicy and fatty foods, as they affect the formation of blood clots.

Nutritional correction for pelvic varicose veins implies the exclusion of foods rich in saturated fat, any alcoholic beverages. Dietary preference should be given to foods rich in fiber (vegetables and fruits, cereals), healthy fats (vegetable oils).

After learning from the doctor how to treat varicose veins in the small pelvis and what dietary restrictions to apply, one must take care of the general condition of the body, for this it is better to abandon bad habits (smoking and alcohol) during rehabilitation.

Possible complications

possible complications of pelvic varicose veins

The varicose veins of Organs pelvic organs can cause serious complications for the female body, especially in the more advanced stages of the disease. Sometimes, the inflammation spreads to neighboring organs, the bleeding from the uterus seems more frightening.

For better protection, you must understand the danger of pelvic varicose veins. Frequent bleeding in the uterus can contribute to the formation of thrombosis, as well as progress to an extensive inflammatory process.


The varicose veins of the small pelvis in women can contribute to the development of serious consequences, but most often they occur in more advanced stages, due to the late detection of the disease. Therefore, attention should be paid to pain in pelvic varices, as they are the most obvious symptom, signaling the need to go to the doctor.