In this article you will learn what varicose veins of the lower extremities and how it is so dangerous. And we will tell you what are the causes of this disease and how to protect yourself from it.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities. The causes of the disease (Wikipedia and official approach):
There are primary and secondary varicose veins of the lower extremities. Secondary develops due to traumas, tumors, etc., if the venous system can not fully perform its functions.
The profession, which often develops varicose veins
Primary develops as a result of weakness of the venous wall. The reasons that contribute to the development of varicose veins of the lower extremities:
- violations of the hormonal balance;
- heavy static loads;
- the work associated with prolonged standing on her feet (for example, hairdressers, sellers, waiters);
- sitting in the wrong pose, especially to throw a leg over the other;
- the high-heel shoes;
- a sedentary lifestyle.
All these factors contribute to the deterioration of the outflow of blood from the lower extremities, thereby superficial veins are engorged, expanded, formed a stagnation of blood. An important role in the development of the disease played by heredity.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - symptoms
Varicose veins of the lower extremities is accompanied by such symptoms:
- swelling of the legs to the end of the day;
- a feeling of heaviness in the legs;
- cramps in the calf muscles, mostly at night;
- pain, burning sensation in the legs;
- spider veins on legs;
- education of trophic ulcers.
Spider veins are small nodules of red-blue color on the skin, which can be seen on the shins in the very beginning of the disease. Often varicose veins of the lower extremities during pregnancy cause much discomfort.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities stage
There are several stages of disease development:
- compensation on the legs spider veins and twisted veins, no complaints
- subcompensation – there are complaints of swelling, cramps of calf muscles, feeling of heaviness, fatigue in the legs, expressed visually determined varicose veins
- decompensation – added dermatitis, small hemorrhages, the skin becomes tight, dry, easy to break, there are spots
The earlier the disease is detected, the easier it is to treat.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities – diagnosis
For accurate diagnosis of the disease should consult a doctor. Varicose veins of the lower extremities engaged in vascular surgery. For diagnosis, in addition to complaints and visual inspection is necessary to apply special methods of research.
Ultrasound diagnosis of varicose veins of the lower extremities
The gold standard is angio duplex scan. This method combines ultrasound and Doppler scan. Thus, it is possible in real time to see the condition of the vascular wall and to assess blood flow in the venous system of the lower extremities.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs - complications
If you have varicose veins of the lower extremities, treatment must begin soon, otherwise the disease will progress, which is fraught with serious complications. Stagnation of blood in the veins contributes to the formation of blood clots, developing phlebothrombosis, and if a vein becomes inflamed and more – thrombosis.
Acute thrombophlebitis of superficial veins
The formed blood clots at any time can break your seat and get into the bloodstream. In this case, the blood clot gets into the veins of the lungs, plugging them. While a person can die from suffocation before the arrival of the ambulance, indeed, so formidable complication to treat is extremely difficult even in a specialized hospital, but time and life are very few.
In addition, due to stagnation of blood disturbed nutrition of the lower extremities. The skin form deep ulcers, which heal poorly and have a tendency to spread. This can lead to amputation of the limb.
Based on the fact that complications in varicose veins of the lower extremities is not harmless, it is necessary to consult a qualified professional. Only a doctor can prescribe effective treatment and avoid complications.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - how to treat ointments
At the pharmacy you can find a huge number of ointments from varicose veins of the lower extremities. They are based on substances which improve tissue trophism, relieve edema and strengthen vascular wall. Varicose veins of the lower extremities, photos and reviews of ointments there are on the pages of of drugs online.
Treatment of varicose veins ointments and gels
In the early stages of the disease the application of various ointments can improve the condition of the venous system and to slow disease progression, but ultimately do not succeed to defeat varicose veins of the lower extremities. The results will be only after visiting the doctor.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities, conservative treatment
It is based on the use of compression underwear, stockings, Golf, tights, and sometimes diet. How to cure varicose veins of the lower extremities? Drug treatment without surgery cannot be considered 100% effective if manifestations of the disease are quite severe. If there trophic ulcers and running varicose veins of the lower extremities, treatment without surgery is impossible.
Varicose veins of lower extremities – treatment: operation or procedure?
- Intravascular coagulation. You have varicose veins of the lower extremities? Laser treatment small endovascular surgery, during which carried out the obliteration of the veins with a laser. You will remove the varicose veins of the lower extremities, the laser treatment is based on the introduction of blood flow in the right vein. And overcome varicose veins of the lower extremities. Laser treatment, the price of which is not so great, takes little time and is well tolerated by patients, and they forget that they had varicose veins of the lower limbs, laser treatment is very effective. The final figure depends on the stage of the disease and volume of work of the doctor. Do not be afraid that then again attacking varicose veins of the lower extremities. Laser treatment (reviews very numerous!) will definitely put you "on feet"!
- Short Stripping minimally invasive technique, which removes the small area struck the main vein. Thus, it is possible to conserve more of the healthy part of the veins.
- Cryo-phlebectomy – vein removal with a cryoprobe. Surgery less traumatic – however, for the introduction of the probe make one small incision. After the operation you can immediately see the results.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities is the treatment with radio frequency
How to remove varicose veins of the lower extremities? Treatment radiofrequency ablation interests of patients in particular. Why many people dream to resolve varicose veins of the lower extremities, treatment of radiofrequency ablation prefer?
Radiofrequency ablation – an operation that can be performed on an outpatient basis, if you want to forget the varicose veins of the lower extremities. Treatment radiofrequency ablation uses radio frequency, which "sealed" the vein and remove varicose veins of the lower extremities.
Varicose veins of lower extremities – treatment with sclerotherapy
Sclerotherapy is a treatment method where the affected vein is injected with a special substance, cause its sclerosis.
Varicose veins of lower extremities – treatment hardening
Sclerotherapy can be supplemented with any interference on the veins. The procedure is virtually painless and is performed as an outpatient.
Phlebectomy – traditional surgery to remove the affected veins of the lower extremities. Held in the hospital vascular or General surgeons to completely remove the varicose veins of the lower extremities. Treatment after the operation is prolonged taking pain medications, antibiotics and compression therapy.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities. Than to treat?
Each method of treatment has its indications and contraindications. To choose the optimal method, it is necessary to consult a doctor, he will evaluate your varicose veins of the lower extremities, how to cure – also say.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs, treatment in the home
Together with surgical treatment, there are helper methods that can remove a little varicose veins of the lower extremities. Treatment of folk remedies that can be done at home.
Caution - varicose veins of lower extremities
Treatment folk methods (prices of pot and cream are different), but not push too much the green pharmacy.
The extra weight causes the development of varicose veins
It is important to pay attention to nutrition, if you have varicose veins of the lower extremities, treatment with traditional methods, the price of which is pennies. It is necessary to restrict the eating of meat, spicy, salty and smoked food, to increase the amount of fruits and vegetables in the diet and eliminate alcohol and coffee.
The optimal mode of the day and physiotherapy will help to improve the blood circulation in the extremities. This will take 10-15 minutes a day.
Simple traditional treatment can be part of a complex of measures for the treatment of varicose veins. Rubbing the legs with tincture of horse chestnut, Apple cider vinegar, butter, garlic and many other remedies known since ancient times. They will facilitate the varicose veins of the lower extremities.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - prevention
For prevention, you must first adhere to the mode of operation. Not all the time on my feet or sitting in one position. From time to time you should take small breaks to give your feet a rest.
After a hard working day, you can do a foot massage, then it is advisable to put the feet on the platform. So improving the flow of blood from the lower extremities.
Exercises to improve venous blood flow in the legs
You cannot get involved a hot tub and sauna. To prevent varicose veins is much more useful to take a contrast shower and rinse feet with cool water.
It is important to monitor the weight. Excess body weight increases the load on the venous system and contributes to the development of the disease.
If there is a tendency to the development of disease, and there is no way to eliminate all risk factors, it is better to deal with prevention. Even if the disease has already started, do not despair. Varicose veins of the lower limbs – is not a sentence. With timely detection of problems and treatment to the professionals, you can get rid of the disease and avoid serious complications.