Exercises for varicose veins

the benefits of exercise for varicose veins

One of the components of the medical and preventive complex of varicose veins is gymnastics. It consists of simple basic exercises, the implementation of which helps to stabilize the functionality of the vascular system and improve overall health. Daily gymnastics for varicose veins in the legs is effective for any type of pathology and at any stage of treatment.

Fundamentals of gymnastics for varicose veins

One of the factors that provoke varicose veins in the lower limbs is hypodynamics. Therefore, in order to prevent the disease or during its treatment, phlebologists prescribe special exercises for the lower limbs. Its type and intensity are selected taking into account the clinical condition of the disease, the location of the affected veins, the severity and the area of ​​the lesion. The focus of the gymnastic complex and its duration are also taken into account.

Regardless of the type of leg gym for varicose veins, your goals are:

  • Stimulates the outflow of blood through the veins.
  • Normalization of lymphatic flow.
  • Increasing muscle tone in the lower extremities to improve your stamina.
  • Stabilization of arterial inflow.
  • Restoration of venous tone.
  • Improving peripheral circulation activity.

In case of venous insufficiency, the most effective gymnastic complex is the soft-loaded exercises. This rhythm of execution allows to control the pressure in the veins, ensuring the elimination of stagnation of the vessels. As a result, pain and discomfort in the legs are spontaneously eliminated.

gymnastic exercises for varicose veins

The most effective exercises allowed at any stage of varicose veins include walking outdoors and swimming lessons. All allowed exercises developed by the therapist are performed in a horizontal or sitting position.

When designing a workout, it is important to know which exercises should not be done with varicose veins. It is strictly prohibited to perform a series of exercises, including:

  • Squat.
  • Deadlift.
  • Lunges.
  • Lifting weights in an upright position.
  • Running.
  • Strength training.
  • Steppe classes.
  • Dancing.

The selection of the correct set of allowed exercises is carried out exclusively by a phlebologist or exercise therapy instructor.

Varicose vein gymnastics is an accessible and simple method of treating the disease and preventing it. The complex does not require the presence of specialist and professional equipment.

Exercise therapy for varicose veins

Conservative therapy for venous insufficiency is always complemented by physical therapy exercises. The gym complex for varicose veins, in this case, is selected according to the purpose of the treatment:

  • Reducing the severity of symptoms in the initial stage of varicose veins.
  • Pain relief.
  • physiotherapy exercises for varicose veins
  • Prevention of the development of severe varicose veins, the treatment of which involves surgery.
  • Prevention of pathologies in people at risk.

Each type of gymnastic complex is marked with characteristic exercises with the greatest efficiency.

Exercise therapy to remove signs of varicose veins in the first stage helps to stimulate blood vessel walls, increase your tone and improve blood flow. The most effective exercises for varicose veins in the lower extremities in the early stages include:

  • Short runs in the morning on soft surfaces at a slow pace.
  • Change the position of your feet while walking throughout the day. To do this, you need to periodically have your clubfoot, unfold your socks, walk on your heels and toes.
  • Amplitude movements in the ankle and knee joints.
  • When sitting in a chair for a long time, you should alternate turns to the side on the gluteal muscles and not throw one leg over the other.
  • Stretching exercises in a horizontal position are performed daily at night.
  • Before lying down, it is necessary to raise the lower limbs with support on the wall.

The exercise therapy complex for chronic varicose veins is not the main method of treatment, but its systematic implementation delays the development of the disease and delays the formation of venous nodules.

exercise for varicose veins

Rehabilitation therapists recommend adding to exercises in the initial stage of varicose veins:

  • Exercise bike.
  • Alternating compression of the legs on the chest while lying down.
  • Flexion and extension of fingers.
  • Walk without taking off your socks.
  • Vertical scissors.
  • Work with your abdominal muscles.
  • Raise and lower your buttocks with your legs raised.
  • Vibration exercises.
  • Stretching feet and hands.

For greater effectiveness and prevention of the development of varicose vein complications, the complex is recommended to be performed twice a day.

Each workout should start with a relaxing massage. The exercises are done slowly and smoothly, sudden movements are excluded. The duration of the complex is at least 15 minutes.

The final stage of any exercise therapy complex is a shower of contrast at the lower extremities with strong pressure. The duration of this manipulation is 10 minutes for each leg.

Preventive exercises for varicose veins in the legs

In case of increased swelling, frequent seizures and severe pain, you should immediately stop performing these exercises and return to preventive exercise therapy. This complex provides for the systematic implementation of the following exercises for varicose veins in the legs.


  • Pull the socks in different directions with minimum resistance and maximum amplitude.
  • Synchronous rotation or alternate half-axis of the feet.
  • Perform these exercises by holding the inside of the foot, excluding leg muscle contraction.
  • Gradual stretching of the leg muscles and ligaments touching the thumb on the chest, nose and ear. If possible, place your foot on the back of the neck.
  • Remove the knee joint at chest level. In this case, it is necessary to hold the ankle joint with both hands. Without loosening the grip on your hands, try to perform the maximum knee joint extension without lifting your foot off the floor.

Kneeling start position:

  • Spread your knee joints shoulder-width apart and lower your gluteal muscles to the floor. In this position, sit for no more than 20 seconds. In the absence of pain and burning in the muscles, try to touch the floor with the shoulder blades. Finish the exercise by lifting your legs and gently shaking your limbs.
  • Straightening the knee joint, try to lunge forward with your foot. If possible, it is recommended to sit on a string on each side.
  • Standing with emphasis, lying on your knees, pull your toe and swing your leg back, alternating with wide movements to the side, while your foot should be flexed. Alternating 15 times for each leg.

When choosing exercises for preventive treatment of varicose veins, it is necessary to take into consideration the person's lifestyle. The complex suitable for a person with high daily activity will not bring any benefit to a person with a passive lifestyle.

Collection of varicose veins in the horizontal position:

  • Lifts the leg bent at the knee and stretched 10 times for each limb.
  • Alternate leg flexion and extension at the knee joint with a slight push forward and towards yourself.
  • Execution of longitudinal and transversal "scissors".
  • Lifting the pelvis and leaning on the shoulder blades, oscillate the amplitude of longitudinal and transverse crossing.
  • From the “birch” position, throw your legs behind your head, touching the floor with your toes.

Systematic exercise therapy exercise will not only improve the health of the veins and the intensity of blood flow through them, but will also reduce dystrophic changes in the soft tissues of the affected lower limb.

Vibratory gymnastics of varicose veins

vibratory gymnastics for varicose veins

One of the effective therapeutic methods for venous insufficiency is vibro-gymnastics. It helps to improve the condition of blood vessels and prolongs the period of remission of the disease. It refers to the sparing treatment and is recommended when rhythmic sports are prohibited.

Consists of two main complexes:

  • Respiratory gymnastics.Performed immediately after waking up and before performing vibration exercises. Technique: stand on tiptoe, pushing your chest forward, take a deep breath, while trying to lower the air as low as possible. When done correctly, the belly should swell slightly. We hold our breath for 3 to 5 seconds and exhale the air with sudden and frequent movements.
  • Vibratory gymnastics.Initial standing position, with the back straight and the arms along the body. Technique: raise your heels off the floor by 1 cm. As we exhale, we sharply lower ourselves to the floor. The exercise is repeated at least 60 times. Intensity of 1 lift per second. Every 20 climbs, an interval of 10 seconds is made.

Vibratory gymnastics brings a positive therapeutic result only at the beginning of the development of varicose veins and is a highly effective preventive measure.

Exercise stimulates blood flow towards the heart, which frees blood vessels. This process stimulates the restoration of elasticity and tone of the venous walls and prevents the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.

Obtaining a positive result during training with varicose veins depends on the correction and sequence of all elements. Therefore, the first classes must be taught under the supervision of a doctor or instructor. It is also important to follow the exercise technique and the number of sets.